Home / News / Germany Needs 260,000 Immigrants a Year to Meet Labor Demand Due to Ageing Workforce


Germany Needs 260,000 Immigrants a Year to Meet Labor Demand Due to Ageing WorkforceA new study published today shows that Germany should start taking in several times more non-EU immigrants in order to meet the labor demand. Due to an ageing population, labor shortage in Germany has been increasing, and the study estimates that the country will need 260,000 workers per year to plug the gap, 146,000 of them from non-EU countries.

The research was published by the Bertelsmann Foundation, and conducted by the Institute for Employment Research and the University of Coburg. Among others, the study estimates that by 2060, the German population will shrink by a third, without immigration. As such, it would have a devastating impact on economy of Germany, which currently is fourth largest in the world.

In the study, factors as a higher birthrate, more women joining the workforce, and a raise in the retirement age were taken into account, estimating all possible scenarios.

“But even if men and women worked the same way and a pension of 70 would be introduced in Germany, it would not be possible to cover the demand for skilled labor with domestic funds,” the Bertelsmann Foundation asserts.

Upon the publication of the study, the executive director of the Bertelsmann Foundation Jörg Dräger said that in 2017, only 38,000 workers case and stayed in Germany in 2017. He also said that Germany should hurry up and pass a new law that would make it easier for professionals from non-EU countries to find a job and move to Germany.

“Migration and integration are jobs for society as a whole, and a new law alone is not enough,” Dräger said.

Broken down, the average need for migrants according to the study is as follows:

  • By 2035 – 98,000 immigrants from non-EU countries every year.
  • Between 2036 and 2050, almost 170,000 people per year.
  • Between 2051 and 2060, almost 200,000 people per year.

In August 2018, the German Labor Office urged the government to keep paying for the language classes for asylum seekers, so they could be trained and join the workforce. The Office said at the time that there were 1.2 million unfilled vacancies in Germany.

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